docs » hs.timer

Execute functions with various timing rules

Submodules

API Overview

API Documentation

Functions

absolutetime
Signature hs.timer.absolutetime() -> nanoseconds
Type Function
Description

Returns the absolute time in nanoseconds since the last system boot.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • the time since the last system boot in nanoseconds

Notes:

  • this value does not include time that the system has spent asleep
  • this value is used for the timestamps in system generated events.
days
Signature hs.timer.days(n) -> sec
Type Function
Description

Converts days to seconds

Parameters:

  • n - A number of days

Returns:

  • The number of seconds in n days
hours
Signature hs.timer.hours(n) -> seconds
Type Function
Description

Converts hours to seconds

Parameters:

  • n - A number of hours

Returns:

  • The number of seconds in n hours
localTime
Signature hs.timer.localTime() -> number
Type Function
Description

Returns the number of seconds since local time midnight

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • the number of seconds
minutes
Signature hs.timer.minutes(n) -> seconds
Type Function
Description

Converts minutes to seconds

Parameters:

  • n - A number of minutes

Returns:

  • The number of seconds in n minutes
seconds
Signature hs.timer.seconds(timeOrDuration) -> seconds
Type Function
Description

Converts a string with a time of day or a duration into number of seconds

Parameters:

  • timeOrDuration - a string that can have any of the following formats:
    • "HH:MM:SS" or "HH:MM" - represents a time of day (24-hour clock), returns the number of seconds since midnight
    • "DDdHHh", "HHhMMm", "MMmSSs", "DDd", "HHh", "MMm", "SSs", "NNNNms" - represents a duration in days, hours, minutes, seconds and/or milliseconds

Returns:

  • The number of seconds
secondsSinceEpoch
Signature hs.timer.secondsSinceEpoch() -> sec
Type Function
Description

Gets the (fractional) number of seconds since the UNIX epoch (January 1, 1970)

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The number of seconds since the epoch

Notes:

  • This has much better precision than os.time(), which is limited to whole seconds.
usleep
Signature hs.timer.usleep(microsecs)
Type Function
Description

Blocks Lua execution for the specified time

Parameters:

  • microsecs - A number containing a time in microseconds to block for

Returns:

  • None

Notes:

  • Use of this function is strongly discouraged, as it blocks all main-thread execution in Hammerspoon. This means no hotkeys or events will be processed in that time, no GUI updates will happen, and no Lua will execute. This is only provided as a last resort, or for extremely short sleeps. For all other purposes, you really should be splitting up your code into multiple functions and calling hs.timer.doAfter()
weeks
Signature hs.timer.weeks(n) -> sec
Type Function
Description

Converts weeks to seconds

Parameters:

  • n - A number of weeks

Returns:

  • The number of seconds in n weeks

Constructors

doAfter
Signature hs.timer.doAfter(sec, fn) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Calls a function after a delay

Parameters:

  • sec - A number of seconds to wait before calling the function
  • fn - A function to call

Returns:

  • An hs.timer object

Notes:

  • There is no need to call :start() on the returned object, the timer will be already running.
  • The callback can be cancelled by calling the :stop() method on the returned object before sec seconds have passed.
doAt
Signature hs.timer.doAt(time[, repeatInterval], fn[, continueOnError]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates and starts a timer which will perform fn at the given (local) time and then (optionally) repeat it every interval.

Parameters:

  • time - number of seconds after (local) midnight, or a string in the format "HH:MM" (24-hour local time), indicating the desired trigger time
  • repeatInterval - (optional) number of seconds between triggers, or a string in the format "DDd", "DDdHHh", "HHhMMm", "HHh" or "MMm" indicating days, hours and/or minutes between triggers; if omitted or 0 the timer will trigger only once
  • fn - a function to call every time the timer triggers
  • continueOnError - an optional boolean flag, defaulting to false, which indicates that the timer should not be automatically stopped if the callback function results in an error.

Returns:

  • a timer object

Notes:

  • The timer can trigger up to 1 second early or late
  • The first trigger will be set to the earliest occurrence given the repeatInterval; if that's omitted, and time is earlier than the current time, the timer will trigger the next day. If the repeated interval results in exactly 24 hours you can schedule regular jobs that will run at the expected time independently of when Hammerspoon was restarted/reloaded. E.g.:
    • If it's 19:00, hs.timer.doAt("20:00",somefn) will set the timer 1 hour from now
    • If it's 21:00, hs.timer.doAt("20:00",somefn) will set the timer 23 hours from now
    • If it's 21:00, hs.timer.doAt("20:00","6h",somefn) will set the timer 5 hours from now (at 02:00)
    • To run a job every hour on the hour from 8:00 to 20:00: for h=8,20 do hs.timer.doAt(h..":00","1d",runJob) end
doEvery
Signature hs.timer.doEvery(interval, fn) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Repeats fn every interval seconds.

Parameters:

  • interval - A number of seconds between triggers
  • fn - A function to call every time the timer triggers

Returns:

  • An hs.timer object

Notes:

  • This function is a shorthand for hs.timer.new(interval, fn):start()
doUntil
Signature hs.timer.doUntil(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn every checkinterval seconds until predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when predicateFn returns true.

Parameters:

  • predicateFn - a function which determines when to stop calling actionFn. This function takes no arguments, but should return true when it is time to stop calling actionFn.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the predicateFn check. Defaults to 1 second.

Returns:

  • a timer object

Notes:

  • The timer is passed as an argument to actionFn so that it may stop the timer prematurely (i.e. before predicateFn returns true) if desired.
  • See also hs.timer.doWhile, which is essentially the opposite of this function
doWhile
Signature hs.timer.doWhile(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn every checkinterval seconds while predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when predicateFn returns false.

Parameters:

  • predicateFn - a function which determines when to stop calling actionFn. This function takes no arguments, but should return false when it is time to stop calling actionFn.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the predicateFn check. Defaults to 1 second.

Returns:

  • a timer object

Notes:

  • The timer is passed as an argument to actionFn so that it may stop the timer prematurely (i.e. before predicateFn returns false) if desired.
  • See also hs.timer.doUntil, which is essentially the opposite of this function
new
Signature hs.timer.new(interval, fn [, continueOnError]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates a new hs.timer object for repeating interval callbacks

Parameters:

  • interval - A number of seconds between firings of the timer
  • fn - A function to call every time the timer fires
  • continueOnError - An optional boolean, true if the timer should continue to be triggered after the callback function has produced an error, false if the timer should stop being triggered after the callback function has produced an error. Defaults to false.

Returns:

  • An hs.timer object

Notes:

  • The returned object does not start its timer until its :start() method is called
  • If interval is 0, the timer will not repeat (because if it did, it would be repeating as fast as your machine can manage, which seems generally unwise)
waitUntil
Signature hs.timer.waitUntil(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn when predicateFn returns true. The timer is automatically stopped when actionFn is called.

Parameters:

  • predicateFn - a function which determines when actionFn should be called. This function takes no arguments, but should return true when it is time to call actionFn.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the predicateFn check. Defaults to 1 second.

Returns:

  • a timer object

Notes:

  • The timer is stopped before actionFn is called, but the timer is passed as an argument to actionFn so that the actionFn may restart the timer to be called again the next time predicateFn returns true.
  • See also hs.timer.waitWhile, which is essentially the opposite of this function
waitWhile
Signature hs.timer.waitWhile(predicateFn, actionFn[, checkInterval]) -> timer
Type Constructor
Description

Creates and starts a timer which will perform actionFn when predicateFn returns false. The timer is automatically stopped when actionFn is called.

Parameters:

  • predicateFn - a function which determines when actionFn should be called. This function takes no arguments, but should return false when it is time to call actionFn.
  • actionFn - a function which performs the desired action. This function may take a single argument, the timer itself.
  • checkInterval - an optional parameter indicating how often to repeat the predicateFn check. Defaults to 1 second.

Returns:

  • a timer object

Notes:

  • The timer is stopped before actionFn is called, but the timer is passed as an argument to actionFn so that the actionFn may restart the timer to be called again the next time predicateFn returns false.
  • See also hs.timer.waitUntil, which is essentially the opposite of this function

Methods

fire
Signature hs.timer:fire() -> timer
Type Method
Description

Immediately fires a timer

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The hs.timer object

Notes:

  • This cannot be used on a timer which has already stopped running
nextTrigger
Signature hs.timer:nextTrigger() -> number
Type Method
Description

Returns the number of seconds until the timer will next trigger

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A number containing the number of seconds until the next firing

Notes:

  • The return value may be a negative integer in two circumstances:
    • Hammerspoon's runloop is backlogged and is catching up on missed timer triggers
    • The timer object is not currently running. In this case, the return value of this method is the number of seconds since the last firing (you can check if the timer is running or not, with hs.timer:running()
running
Signature hs.timer:running() -> boolean
Type Method
Description

Returns a boolean indicating whether or not the timer is currently running.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A boolean value indicating whether or not the timer is currently running.
setNextTrigger
Signature hs.timer:setNextTrigger(seconds) -> timer
Type Method
Description

Sets the next trigger time of a timer

Parameters:

  • seconds - A number of seconds after which to trigger the timer

Returns:

  • The hs.timer object, or nil if an error occurred

Notes:

  • If the timer is not already running, this will start it
start
Signature hs.timer:start() -> timer
Type Method
Description

Starts an hs.timer object

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The hs.timer object

Notes:

  • The timer will not call the callback immediately, the timer will wait until it fires
  • If the callback function results in an error, the timer will be stopped to prevent repeated error notifications (see the continueOnError parameter to hs.timer.new() to override this)
stop
Signature hs.timer:stop() -> timer
Type Method
Description

Stops an hs.timer object

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The hs.timer object