docs » hs.host

Inspect information about the machine Hammerspoon is running on

Notes:

Submodules

API Overview

API Documentation

Functions

addresses
Signature hs.host.addresses() -> table
Type Function
Description

Gets a list of network addresses for the current machine

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A table of strings containing the network addresses of the current machine

Notes:

  • The results will include IPv4 and IPv6 addresses
cpuUsage
Signature hs.host.cpuUsage([period], [callback]) -> table
Type Function
Description

Query CPU usage statistics for a given time interval using hs.host.cpuUsageTicks and return the results as percentages.

Parameters:

  • period - an optional value specifying the time between samples collected for calculating CPU usage statistics.
    • If callback is not provided, this is an optional integer, default 100000, specifying the number of microseconds to block between samples collected. Note that Hammerspoon will block for this period of time during execution of this function.
    • If callback is provided, this is an optional number, default 1.0, specifying the number of seconds between samples collected. Hammerspoon will not block during this time period.
  • callback - an optional callback function which will receive the cpu usage statistics in a table, described below, as its sole argument.

Returns:

  • If a callback function is not provided, this function will return a table containing the following:
    • Individual tables, indexed by the core number, for each CPU core with the following keys in each subtable:
      • user -- percentage of CPU time occupied by user level processes.
      • system -- percentage of CPU time occupied by system (kernel) level processes.
      • nice -- percentage of CPU time occupied by user level processes with a positive nice value. (See notes below)
      • active -- For convenience, when you just want the total CPU usage, this is the sum of user, system, and nice.
      • idle -- percentage of CPU time spent idle
    • The key overall containing the same keys as described above but based upon the average of all cores combined.
    • The key n containing the number of cores detected.
  • If a callback function is provided, this function will return a placeholder table with the following metamethods:
    • hs.host.cpuUsage:finished() - returns a boolean indicating if the second CPU sample has been collected yet (true) or not (false).
    • hs.host.cpuUsage:stop() - abort the sample collection. The callback function will not be invoked.
    • The results of the cpu statistics will be submitted as a table, described above, to the callback function.

Notes:

  • If no callback function is provided, Hammerspoon will block (i.e. no other Hammerspoon activity can occur) during execution of this function for period microseconds (1 second = 1,000,000 microseconds). The default period is 1/10 of a second. If period is too small, it is possible that some of the CPU statistics may result in nan (not-a-number).

  • For reference, the top command has a default period between samples of 1 second.

  • The subtables for each core and overall have a __tostring() metamethod which allows listing it's contents in the Hammerspoon console by typing hs.host.cpuUsage()[#] where # is the core you are interested in or the string "overall".

cpuUsageTicks
Signature hs.host.cpuUsageTicks() -> table
Type Function
Description

Returns a table containing the current cpu usage information for the system in ticks since the most recent system boot.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A table containing the following:
    • Individual tables, indexed by the core number, for each CPU core with the following keys in each subtable:
      • user -- number of ticks the cpu core has spent in user mode since system startup.
      • system -- number of ticks the cpu core has spent in system mode since system startup.
      • nice
      • active -- For convenience, when you just want the total CPU usage, this is the sum of user, system, and nice.
      • idle -- number of ticks the cpu core has spent idle
    • The key overall containing the same keys as described above but based upon the combined total of all cpu cores for the system.
    • The key n containing the number of cores detected.

Notes:

  • CPU mode ticks are updated during system interrupts and are incremented based upon the mode the CPU is in at the time of the interrupt. By its nature, this is always going to be approximate, and a single call to this function will return the current tick values since the system was last rebooted.
  • To generate a snapshot of the system's usage "at this moment", you must take two samples and calculate the difference between them. The hs.host.cpuUsage function is a wrapper which does this for you and returns the cpu usage statistics as a percentage of the total number of ticks which occurred during the sample period you specify when invoking hs.host.cpuUsage.

  • Historically on Unix based systems, the nice cpu state represents processes for which the execution priority has been reduced to allow other higher priority processes access to more system resources. The source code for the version of the XNU Kernel currently provided by Apple (for macOS 10.12.3) shows this value as returned by the host_processor_info as hardcoded to 0. For completeness, this value is included in the statistics returned by this function, but unless Apple makes a change in the future, it is not expected to provide any useful information.

  • Adapted primarily from code found at http://stackoverflow.com/questions/6785069/get-cpu-percent-usage

globallyUniqueString
Signature hs.host.globallyUniqueString() -> string
Type Function
Description

Returns a newly generated global unique identifier as a string

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • a newly generated global unique identifier as a string

Notes:

  • See also hs.host.uuid
  • The global unique identifier for a process includes the host name, process ID, and a time stamp, which ensures that the ID is unique for the network. This property generates a new string each time it is invoked, and it uses a counter to guarantee that strings are unique.
  • This is often used as a file or directory name in conjunction with hs.host.temporaryDirectory() when creating temporary files.
interfaceStyle
Signature hs.host.interfaceStyle() -> string
Type Function
Description

Returns the OS X interface style for the current user.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A string representing the current user interface style, or nil if the default style is in use.

Notes:

  • As of OS X 10.10.4, other than the default style, only "Dark" is recognized as a valid style.
localizedName
Signature hs.host.localizedName() -> string
Type Function
Description

Gets the name of the current machine, as displayed in the Finder sidebar

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A string containing the name of the current machine
names
Signature hs.host.names() -> table
Type Function
Description

Gets a list of network names for the current machine

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A table of strings containing the network names of the current machine

Notes:

  • This function should be used sparingly, as it may involve blocking network access to resolve hostnames
operatingSystemVersion
Signature hs.host.operatingSystemVersion() -> table
Type Function
Description

The operating system version as a table containing the major, minor, and patch numbers.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The operating system version as a table containing the keys major, minor, and patch corresponding to the version number determined and a key named "exact" or "approximation" depending upon the method used to determine the OS Version information.

Notes:

  • Prior to 10.10 (Yosemite), there was no definitive way to reliably get an exact OS X version number without either mapping it to the Darwin kernel version, mapping it to the AppKitVersionNumber (the recommended method), or parsing the result of NSProcessingInfo's operatingSystemVersionString selector, which Apple states is not guaranteed to be reliably parseable.
    • for OS X versions prior to 10.10, the version number is approximately determined by evaluating the AppKitVersionNumber. For these operating systems, the approximate key is defined and set to true, as the exact patch level cannot be definitively determined.
    • for OS X Versions starting at 10.10 and going forward, an exact value for the version number can be determined with NSProcessingInfo's operatingSystemVersion selector and the exact key is defined and set to true if this method is used.
operatingSystemVersionString
Signature hs.host.operatingSystemVersionString() -> string
Type Function
Description

The operating system version as a human readable string.

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • The operating system version as a human readable string.

Notes:

  • According to the OS X Developer documentation, "The operating system version string is human readable, localized, and is appropriate for displaying to the user. This string is not appropriate for parsing."
uuid
Signature hs.host.uuid() -> string
Type Function
Description

Returns a newly generated UUID as a string

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • a newly generated UUID as a string

Notes:

  • See also hs.host.globallyUniqueString
  • UUIDs (Universally Unique Identifiers), also known as GUIDs (Globally Unique Identifiers) or IIDs (Interface Identifiers), are 128-bit values. UUIDs created by NSUUID conform to RFC 4122 version 4 and are created with random bytes.
vmStat
Signature hs.host.vmStat() -> table
Type Function
Description

Returns a table containing virtual memory statistics for the current machine, as well as the page size (in bytes) and physical memory size (in bytes).

Parameters:

  • None

Returns:

  • A table containing the following keys:
    • anonymousPages -- the total number of pages that are anonymous
    • cacheHits -- number of object cache hits
    • cacheLookups -- number of object cache lookups
    • fileBackedPages -- the total number of pages that are file-backed (non-swap)
    • memSize -- physical memory size in bytes
    • pageIns -- the total number of requests for pages from a pager (such as the inode pager).
    • pageOuts -- the total number of pages that have been paged out.
    • pageSize -- page size in bytes
    • pagesActive -- the total number of pages currently in use and pageable.
    • pagesCompressed -- the total number of pages that have been compressed by the VM compressor.
    • pagesCopyOnWrite -- the number of faults that caused a page to be copied (generally caused by copy-on-write faults).
    • pagesDecompressed -- the total number of pages that have been decompressed by the VM compressor.
    • pagesFree -- the total number of free pages in the system.
    • pagesInactive -- the total number of pages on the inactive list.
    • pagesPurgeable -- the total number of purgeable pages.
    • pagesPurged -- the total number of pages that have been purged.
    • pagesReactivated -- the total number of pages that have been moved from the inactive list to the active list (reactivated).
    • pagesSpeculative -- the total number of pages on the speculative list.
    • pagesThrottled -- the total number of pages on the throttled list (not wired but not pageable).
    • pagesUsedByVMCompressor -- the number of pages used to store compressed VM pages.
    • pagesWiredDown -- the total number of pages wired down. That is, pages that cannot be paged out.
    • pagesZeroFilled -- the total number of pages that have been zero-filled on demand.
    • swapIns -- the total number of compressed pages that have been swapped out to disk.
    • swapOuts -- the total number of compressed pages that have been swapped back in from disk.
    • translationFaults -- the number of times the "vm_fault" routine has been called.
    • uncompressedPages -- the total number of pages (uncompressed) held within the compressor

Notes:

volumeInformation
Signature hs.host.volumeInformation([showHidden]) -> table
Type Function
Description

Returns a table of information about disk volumes attached to the system

Parameters:

  • showHidden - An optional boolean, true to show hidden volumes, false to not show hidden volumes. Defaults to false.

Returns:

  • A table of information, where the keys are the paths of disk volumes

Notes:

  • The possible keys in the table are:
    • NSURLVolumeTotalCapacityKey - Size of the volume in bytes
    • NSURLVolumeAvailableCapacityKey - Available space on the volume in bytes
    • NSURLVolumeIsAutomountedKey - Boolean indicating if the volume was automounted
    • NSURLVolumeIsBrowsableKey - Boolean indicating if the volume can be browsed
    • NSURLVolumeIsEjectableKey - Boolean indicating if the volume can be ejected
    • NSURLVolumeIsInternalKey - Boolean indicating if the volume is an internal drive or an external drive
    • NSURLVolumeIsLocalKey - Boolean indicating if the volume is a local or remote drive
    • NSURLVolumeIsReadOnlyKey - Boolean indicating if the volume is read only
    • NSURLVolumeIsRemovableKey - Boolean indicating if the volume is removable
    • NSURLVolumeMaximumFileSizeKey - Maximum file size the volume can support, in bytes
    • NSURLVolumeUUIDStringKey - The UUID of volume's filesystem
    • NSURLVolumeURLForRemountingKey - For remote volumes, the network URL of the volume
    • NSURLVolumeLocalizedNameKey - Localized version of the volume's name
    • NSURLVolumeNameKey - The volume's name
    • NSURLVolumeLocalizedFormatDescriptionKey - Localized description of the volume
    • Not all keys will be present for all volumes